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The Tripartite Free Trade Area Agreement in Africa is Bound to Disappoint June 10, 2015 — On June 10th, the coalition of three regional economic communities (RECs), representing 26 African countries, 58% of the continent’s GDP, and a population of more than 600 million come together under the Tripartite Free Trade Area. Once signed into existence, the TFTP will represent more people than NAFTA or the European Union. MORE

USAID Policy on Cooperation with the Department of Defense June 4, 2015 — This policy updates the Civilian-Military Cooperation Policy issued in July 2008,which established the foundation for cooperation between the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the United States Department of Defense (DoD). The 2008 policy established civilian-military cooperation as fundamental to a whole-of-government approach to contemporary national security challenges in keeping with the increasingly important role of development in advancing national security priorities along with defense and diplomacy. MORE

Building Partner Capacity: DoD Should Improve Its Reporting to Congress on Challenges to Expanding Ministry of Defense Advisors Program February 1, 2015 — The Department of Defense (DOD) has expanded the Global Ministry of Defense Advisors (MODA) program more slowly than planned. It had 2 advisors in the field in Kosovo and Montenegro for most of fiscal year 2014, short of its goal of deploying 12 advisors by the end of fiscal year 2014. DOD deployed advisors to 2 additional countries just before the end of fiscal year 2014 (see figure). According to DOD officials, reasons it has taken longer than expected to expand globally include delays in the country approval process and with advisor recruitment and training. MORE

Lessons Encountered - "Raising and Mentoring Security Forces in Afghanistan and Iraq" January 1, 2015 — While possessing some similarities, the efforts to build security forces in Iraq and Afghanistan also held significant differences. This chapter discusses the effort to establish effective ministries of defense and interior in both countries. MORE

Foreign Culture and its Effect on US DoD Efforts to Train and Advise Foreign Security Forces November 26, 2014 — US security assistance has traditionally been built on Western cultural norms - characteristics not present the locations most in need of assistance today. However, the private sector and NGOs have experience DoD should learn from and adapt into its training and education programs. This essay presents what has been learned from the perspective of non-security capacity development efforts as well as our practitioners’ perspective and observations on the effectiveness of DOD’s post 9/11 efforts to train and advise foreign security forces. MORE

Ministerial Advisors: Developing Capacity for an Enduring Security Force January 1, 2012 — If the Taliban is trying to wait-out the U.S. presence, what does it take to build a self-sufficient, self-sustaining Afghan Security Force with the capacity to act independently? This report examines how the ability for self-governance begins with establishing healthy ministries and institutions. MORE

Strategic Defense Reviews: Procedures, Frameworks, and Tools to Enhance Future Defense Institution Building Projects September 1, 2011 — The conference was designed to support DIRI efforts to develop approaches, procedures, and frameworks to enhance future DIB projects. A critical function is on helping international partners structure and execute strategic defense reviews (SDRs). MORE

How Successful are U.S. Efforts to Build Capacity in Developing Countries? A framework to assess the global train and equip "1206" program January 1, 2011 — An analysis of the survey results revealed the need for formal guidance on the assessment of 1206 projects, gaps in data collection and reporting, unclear roles, and inconsistent levels of communication across the program. MORE

NATO Partnerships: DoD Needs to Assess US Assistance in Response to Changes to the Partnership for Peace Program September 30, 2010 — Looking at changes NATO is making to the Partnership for Peace (PfP) Program, the GAO recommends that the U.S. DoD also re-evaluate its security assistance efforts in Eastern Europe to better align resources with our NATO allies. MORE

Essentials of Defense Institution Building May 22, 2009 — This paper was published as an overview of DIB from the European perspective and was published at the request of European PfP partners. It serves as an important guide and introduction to PfP and DIB programs, especially in Europe. MORE

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