News | Oct. 10, 2017

Module 6: Planning and Prioritization


The purpose of Module 6 is to provide students with additional readings and perspectives that knit together the themes and lessons from the previous five modules. This is not a structured lecture, but rather an opportunity to reflect on lessons learned and their implications for future operations. 

The focus of Module 6 is on defining strategic success and failure, and understanding how different operational lines of effort contribute sustainable control of illicit power within the host nation context. The concluding chapter of Impunity highlights the enduring lessons from the totality of the case studies and research.  Chapter 15, “The Hitchhiker’s Guide to Intelligence-Led Policing” highlights a common operational challenge – the transition from operations under the Law of Armed Conflict, to evidence-based operations under domestic criminal statutes. The selected readings from beyond convergence challenge the students to look at the implications of the failure to contain convergence. The Haiti case study provides an excellent example of the complexities of international planning.  

During beta tests of the curriculum, Module 6 created an important opportunity for students to air their uncertainties about the concepts, and to reflect on their own experience and exchange lessons and observations. For these reasons, there is no slide pack or Facilitator’s Guide. 

Recommended Readings:

  • Impunity: Confronting Illicit Power in War and Transition, Edited by Michelle A. Hughes and Michael Miklaucic. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office (2016).  
    • Chapter 3 “Haiti: The Gangs of Cité Soleil” by D.C. (David) Beer 
    • Chapter 15, “The Hitchhiker’s Guide to Intelligence-Led Policing” by Clifford Aims 
    • Conclusion, “What Should We Have Learned by Now?” by Michelle Hughes 
  • Convergence: Illicit Networks and National Security in the Age of Globalization, Edited by Michael Miklaucic and Jacqueline Brewer. Washington, DC: The National Defense University Press, 2013. 
    • Introduction by Michael Miklaucic • Beyond Convergence: World Without Order, Edited by Michael Miklaucic and Hilary Matfess. Washington, DC: The Center for Complex Operations (2016) 
    • Chapter 6, “Terrorist and Criminal Dynamics: A Look Beyond the Horizon” by Christopher Dishman 
    • Chapter 8, “Convergence in Criminalized States: The New Paradigm” by Douglas Farah 


  • Webcast: “Defining ‘Success’” featuring Thomas Marks 
  • Podcast: “The Challenge of Countering Impunity in International Missions” featuring Mark Kroeker and David Beer